The origin and meaning of the Mid-Autumn Festival

Mid-Autumn Festival - According to the lunar calendar, August 15 is the middle of autumn, which is considered a "good" day to sacrifice to the moon god for the ancients to predict the harvest and also a fun New Year for children. CachHaynhat shares details about Mid-Autumn Festival.

Mid-Autumn Festival stage backdrop
Mid-Autumn Festival stage backdrop


Origin of Mid-Autumn Festival

Meaning of Mid-Autumn Festival

Mid-Autumn Festival in Vietnam

Mid-Autumn Festival abroad

Production of Mid-Autumn Festival toys


Origin of Mid-Autumn Festival

Mid-Autumn Festival is the middle of autumn. Mid-Autumn Festival as the name suggests is the mid-autumn day, that is, on the 15th day of the eighth month of the lunar calendar. The Mid-Autumn Festival in Vietnam is not known when it started. There is no historical record of the origin of the full moon festival in August. Mid-Autumn Festival is also known as Children's New Year, Children's New Year, Lunar New Year, and Flower Festival. post.


According to an old legend, the Mid-Autumn Festival began during the Tang Dynasty, the reign of King Due Ton, and the era of Van Minh. That year on the late night of the full moon of August, the wind was cool, the full moon was beautiful, while playing outside the city, the king met a fairy who came to the world in the form of an old man with a white head like snow. The magical fairy created a rainbow, one end bordering the moon, the other touching the ground, and the king climbed up the rainbow to go to the moon and roam in the Quang palace. Returning to earth, the king nostalgic for the romantic moon scene, the king set up the Mid-Autumn Festival.


This Tet holiday was later imported to Vietnam. During the Mid-Autumn Festival, people display a moon cake with moon cakes, hang lights and flowers, dance, sing, and dance very jubilantly. In many places, there are contests for women and girls to make cakes. Children have lantern parades and many places have lantern contests. Many families set up separate meals for children, and in the old trays, there is usually a paper doctor placed in the most beautiful place, surrounded by fruit cakes... Now on the occasion of the Mid-Autumn Festival, residential locations or shopping malls. All large organizations have their own decoration and activities for children, which is the place where many parents choose to bring their children to play and take pictures.


According to archaeologists, the Mid-Autumn Festival in Vietnam dates back to ancient times and was printed on Ngoc Lu bronze drums. According to the Doi pagoda epitaph in 1121, from the Ly dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival was officially held in Thang Long citadel with boat races, water puppet shows and lantern processions. During the Le - Trinh dynasties, the Mid-Autumn Festival was held extremely lavishly in the Lord's palace as described by "Mourning and Continuity".


Scholar P.Giran (in Magiet Religion, Paris, 1912) when researching the origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival, pointed out that since ancient times, in East Asia, people have valued the Moon and the Sun as a couple. They believe that the Moon reunites with the Sun only once a month (at the end of the moon phase). Then, from her husband's light, the contented moon girl came out and gradually received sunlight - becoming a new moon, a full moon, and then going into a new cycle. Therefore, the moon is negative, indicating female and conjugal life. And on the full moon day of August, the moon is the most beautiful, the most splendid, so the folk celebrate the festival to celebrate the new year. According to the book "Thai Binh Hoan Vu Ky", "Lac Viet people open festivals every autumn and August, boys and girls fall in love and get married if they like each other". Thus, autumn is the season of marriage.


Vietnam is an agricultural country, so on the occasion of August when the planting is finished, the weather calms down, it is the time when "everything is at ease" (Doi Pagoda stele 1121), people hold festivals to pray for the harvest, sing and enjoy the Chinese New Year. Collect

Mid-Autumn Festival stage backdrop
Mid-Autumn Festival stage backdrop

Meaning of Mid-Autumn Festival

For thousands of years, people have always believed that there is a connection between life and the moon. Full moon and waning moon, joy and sorrow, reunion, reunion or parting. Since then, the full moon has been a symbol of reunion and the Mid-Autumn Festival is also known as the reunion festival.


On this happy day, according to Vietnamese custom, all family members wish to gather together to make offerings to the ancestors.

When night falls, the ground is filled with golden moonlight, the villages gather together to drink green tea, eat cakes, watch the moon and display fruits and candies for children to play, procession of lights, lion dance, watch the moon, break the deck...

In addition to the meaning of fun for children and adults, the Mid-Autumn Festival is also an opportunity for people to watch the moon predict crops and national destiny. If the autumn moon is yellow, that year will be the silkworm season, if the autumn moon is green or blue, there will be natural disasters, and if the autumn moon is bright orange, the country will prosper.


Mid-Autumn Festival in Vietnam

According to Phan Ke Binh in the book of Vietnamese customs, "Our people in the 19th century, in the daytime, made offerings to their ancestors, and at night, presented a feast to enjoy the moon. At the beginning of the feast was moon cake and used a variety of fruit cakes, dyed colorful, red, blue, white and yellow. Girls in the street compete with each other ingenuity, peeling papaya into flowers, kneading dough to make shrimp, whale..."


Children's toys in the Mid-Autumn Festival are paper things such as butterflies, mantises, elephants, horses, unicorns, lions, dragons, deer, shrimp, fish,.... Children in the evening of the Mid-Autumn Festival , tug-of-war, catch the drilled lake, procession of lanterns, procession of lions, drums, and mules.


Also on this occasion, people buy moon cakes, tea and wine to worship their ancestors in the evening when the full moon has just risen. Also on this day, people often give grandparents, parents, teachers, friends, relatives and other benefactors Mooncakes, fruits, tea and wine. The Chinese often organize dragon dances on the occasion of the Mid-Autumn Festival, while the Vietnamese do lion dances or lion dances. The Lion symbolizes luck, prosperity and is a good omen for every family... In the past, Vietnamese people also held military drums singing and hung lanterns to pull troops during the Mid-Autumn Festival. The dance of military drums follows the triple beat of "thump, barrel, thum".


According to Vietnamese custom, on the occasion of the Mid-Autumn Festival, adults arrange meals for children to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival, buy and make all kinds of candle-lit lanterns to hang in the house and let the children process the lights. The Mid-Autumn Festival includes moon cakes, sweets, sugar cane, grapefruit and other fruits.

Mid-Autumn Festival stage backdrop
Mid-Autumn Festival stage backdrop

See beautiful Mid-Autumn Festival backdrop samples


Torch light

In some rural areas, where the neighborly relationship is still preserved and respected, people often organize children together to carry lanterns around villages, hamlets and neighborhoods on the Mid-Autumn Festival night. The lantern festival can be initiated by the local government or by youth groups in the village. They assigned each other to make big star lanterns or beautiful lanterns to compete with each other in the procession.


In Phan Thiet (Binh Thuan), a large-scale lantern procession was held with thousands of elementary and junior high school students marching through the streets, this festival was set as the largest record in Vietnam. This is a traditional mid-autumn lantern festival that has existed for hundreds of years, and the scale of the festival in Phan Thiet every year is bigger and bigger, but also more "commercial".


In Tuyen Quang, there is also a large lantern procession festival, which is fully mobilized from the creativity of the people, from village to village and has not been commercialized.


Lion dance

Lion dance (in the North often called lion dance) is usually held before the Mid-Autumn Festival, but the busiest is the two nights 15 and 16.


Presentation deck

The usual Mid-Autumn Festival tray with the focus on the dog is made of grapefruit cloves, with 2 black beans attached as eyes. Around there are more fruits and baked goods, mixed cakes or vegetarian cakes in the shape of a mother pig with a herd of chubby piglets, or a carp are popular images. Grapefruit seeds are often peeled and skewered on steel wires, dried for 2-3 weeks before the full moon, and on the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival, the ropes made of pomelo seeds are burned.


The typical fruits and foods of this occasion are bananas and nuggets, apricots, red and blue pickled persimmons, some na dai ... and grapefruit is an indispensable fruit. When the moon reaches the top of the head is the moment to break the feast, everyone will enjoy the taste of the Mid-Autumn Festival.


The custom of looking at the moon is also related to the legend of Uncle Cuoi on the moon, because one day Cuoi was away, the precious banyan tree was uprooted