Top 10 largest stock exchanges in the world

CachHayNhat - We have all heard of stock exchanges and know, from the way they are discussed in the media, that the biggest exchanges have an impact on the world economy. Do we know what a stock exchange really is? It is a market for buying and selling financial instruments such as shares of a business or bonds issued by the government. Observers look at what's going on in exchanges every day to try and get a picture of how well businesses are doing, especially multinational corporations.

Top 10 largest stock exchanges in the world

The largest stock exchanges are located in major financial capital cities. However, there are markets that cannot be ignored in emerging countries.


Top 10 largest stock exchanges in the world


1. New York Stock Exchange

Market capitalization: 30 trillion dollars


2. NASDAQ

Market capitalization: 11 trillion dollars


3. Tokyo Stock Exchange

Market capitalization: $5.6 trillion


4. Shanghai Stock Exchange

Market capitalization: $5.5 trillion


5. Hong Kong Stock Exchange

Market cap: $4.3 trillion


6. Euronext

Market capitalization: $4.65 trillion


7. London Stock Exchange

Market capitalization: 3.8 trillion USD


8. Shenzhen Stock Exchange

Market capitalization: $2.7 trillion


9. Toronto Stock Exchange

Market capitalization: $2.2 trillion


10. Bombay Stock Exchange

Market capitalization: $2.2 trillion


1. New York Stock Exchange

Location: New York City, USA

Established: 1792

Market capitalization: 30 trillion dollars

New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange

The NYSE is the largest stock exchange in the world when it comes to market capitalization. More than half of Americans invested in publicly traded companies and had 40% of the world capitalization in 2018. It was the largest market in the world over the past century.

Given the number of market shares listed, when something goes wrong with the NYSE, the world suffers. Such events include the market crash of 1929 and the attack on the World Trade Center.


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In 2018, the NYSE elected the first female chairperson in the corporation's history.


 

2. NASDAQ

Location: New York City, USA

Established: 1971

Market capitalization: 11 trillion dollars

NASDAQ
NASDAQ

The NASDAQ was created when a group of dealers wanted a way to provide automated stock quotes (an acronym for National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations). An ostensibly automatic quote reduces the difference between the bid price and the price the seller is willing to accept. Finally, NASDAQ not only offers automated quotes, but also has the ability to buy and sell securities electronically, making it the first electronic stock market.


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Due to NASDAQ's policy to allow trading for smaller companies, it has attracted technology companies like Microsoft to join the listing. Those companies grew and helped make NASDAQ the second largest.


 

3. Tokyo Stock Exchange

Location: Tokyo

Established: 1878

Market capitalization: $5.6 trillion

Tokyo Stock Exchange
Tokyo Stock Exchange

The Tokyo Stock Exchange, also known as the Nikkei, is the largest stock exchange in Asia. The establishment of the market was part of a movement to bring Western-style economics and finance to the Japanese empire. During World War II, the Tokyo exchange merged with markets in other cities to form an all-Japan market. After the war, as part of the rebuilding work led by the United States, a new Tokyo Stock Exchange arose.


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During Japan's economic boom in the Showa and Heisei eras, the market exploded in value, and in 1990 the Nikkei index held 60% of the world's market capitalization.


 

4. Shanghai Stock Exchange

Location: Shanghai, China

Established: 1990

Market capitalization: $5.5 trillion

Shanghai Stock Exchange
Shanghai Stock Exchange

The Shanghai market is the largest in China and the second largest in Asia. Three of the largest markets are located in China reflecting their growing economy, the second largest in the world in 2018. The government of the People's Republic of China exercises significant influence over the SSE as well as the market. Shenzhen market due to the government's monetary policy. Unlike HKE, there is very little foreign investment.